Newsletter of the Aquarian Age Community
Work of the United Nations
H. E. Laura Chinchilla-Miranda,
President of the Republic of Costa Rica1
As in previous occasions, my message is based upon my firm conviction of the essential nature of the United Nations to promote peace, security, development, democracy and human rights.
The United Nations conjoins, catalyzes and protects the multilateral system and the international rule of law. The validity, vigor, legitimacy and effectiveness of the Organization are essential to all countries, but most importantly to the smaller and more vulnerable ones, especially if, as Costa Rica, they do not have armed forces.
Throughout these past 68 years, during humanity's most challenging occasions, we have turned towards this Organization to seek hope and guidance in our search for solutions to the problems besetting our peoples and nations....We have taken great strides and attained many of our goals; however, we are also overwhelmed by acute tragedies, and have been unable to find global responses to major global challenges.
On April 2nd, we conclusively ratified the Arms Trade Treaty, a vital step for our country and a victory for humanity. I am pleased to report its unanimous ratification by our Legislative Assembly and pledge our support towards its implementation.
Next Thursday, for the first time in the history of the Organization, we will engage in a high-level debate on nuclear disarmament. We hope it will allow us to get closer to an ideal aspired to by most of the countries, and to advance in new conceptual frameworks for discussion....We are steadily advancing towards a new universal agenda of development and sustainability, and towards setting up the institutional framework for its advancement.
Some important milestones are the reform of ECOSOC, the new High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, and progress on the general Assembly's intergovernmental Open Working Group on sustainable development. Increasingly, innovation, technology, education and culture are recognized as promoters of development, and there is a growing awareness of the need of actively incorporating youth in these endeavours.
Costa Rica is honored to have hosted and organized, along with the International Telecommunications Union, the international conference BEYOND2015, on youth, development, technology information and communication technologies. Today, I symbolically present to you the Final Declaration of the conference, adopted in our capital on the 11th of this month by thousands of young people from every continent. We believe it will be a very relevant input in the discussion of the post 2015 development agenda.
To explore options for the future, Costa Rica also hosted, in March, an international conference of middle-income countries, jointly organized with UNIDO. Its results will help to put in a better perspective the needs and contributions of nations like ours to the post 2015 development agenda....
Today, I express our deepest solidarity with the people of Kenya and our strongest condemnation of this attack, of terrorism and of fanaticism. During two years, the tragedy of Syria has been a major source of suffering and concern. The incessant count of massacred and displaced persons has been as troublesome as the lack of action of the international community, particularly the Security Council, in containing these outrages against humanity....Costa Rica insists that the Security Council refers the Syrian case to the International Criminal Court. We also call again on the five Permanent Members of the Security Council, to refrain in the future from exercising the veto in cases of crimes against humanity.
Besides being an instrument for global governance and the protection of universal public goods, international law entails many other obligations. These include respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the States, goodwill in addressing border issues and observance of all the decisions of the International Court of Justice.
Costa Rica is a firm believer in and scrupulous observer of international law in all its aspects.... [We] remain peacefully and firmly committed to the well-being and safety of our population. We promote a model of development based upon harmony with nature; solidarity and social inclusion; economic and trade opening; development of our human resources, and innovation.
We realize that development is futile if it is not founded on a profound respect for human dignity and the rights and well-being of the people, including their day-to-day safety. We firmly believe that respect and promotion of human rights, in all its dimensions, is a national and international duty.
Costa Rica looks to the future with confidence; at the same time, we are aware of the risks and challenges that we face as a country, as a region and as members of humanity. In that future, we see the United Nations as an indispensable institution, a steadfast companion, a foreseeing guide and co-guardian of our tranquility and well-being. I render tribute to its contributions and fondly hope that they may multiply in the years to come.